United States International Trade Commission (USITC)

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) is an independent, quasi judicial Federal agency with broad investigative responsibilities on matters of trade. The Commission (1) administers U.S. trade remedy laws within its mandate in a fair and objective manner; (2) provides the President, The U.S. Trade Representative and Congress with independent analysis, information, and support on matters of tariffs, international trade, and U.S. competitiveness; and (3) maintains the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS).

Research
Focus

The USITC serves as a federal resource where trade data and other trade policy-related information are gathered and analyzed. The information and analysis are provided to the President, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, and the Congress to contribute to the development of sound and informed U.S. trade policy. The USITC makes most of its information and analysis available to the public to promote understanding of international trade issues.

Key
Contacts

Elizabeth R. Nesbitt, International Trade Analyst for Biotechnology and Nanotechnology
Office of Industries
T: 202-205-3355
elizabeth.nesbitt@usitc.gov

Peg O'Laughlin
Office of External Relations
T: 202-205-1819
margaret.olaughlin@usitc.gov


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Nanotechnology Fact

Although federally-funded R&D yields hard-to-quantify benefits such as students educated, degrees conferred, companies started, patents and copyrights granted, developmental partnerships formed, and private sector investment inflows, there are many indicators of the impact of this ­­­­­investment.

For example, there are over 1,900 U.S.-based companies conducting R&D, manufacturing, or product sales in nanotechnology in 2016. Of these companies engaged in the nanotechnology sector, over 36% have participated in the Small Business Innovation Research or Small Business Technology Transfer programs funded by the Federal agencies that participate in the National Nanotechnology Initiative. The most recent Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) conducted by the National Science Foundation (NSF) found approximately 1,500 companies engaged in nanotechnology with approximately 1,100 of these classified as small businesses (less than 500 employees). The difference in the number of companies cited above can be attributed to the year the data was collected and other methodologies.

A noteworthy impact of the NNI has been the focused investment by NNI-participating agencies in the establishment and development of multidisciplinary research and education centers devoted to nanoscience and nanotechnology. NNI agencies have developed an extensive infrastructure of nearly 100 major interdisciplinary research and education centers and user facilities across the United States. This cutting-edge fabrication and characterization equipment provides state-of-the-art nanoscience tools and expertise for research by non-profit or business organizations, whether small or large, for use-inspired research and some of the user facilities are available free-of-charge for non-proprietary work if the user intends to publish the research results in the scientific literature.

In December 2015, Lux Research estimated that nanotechnology-enabled products generated $1.6 trillion in global revenues in 2014; and that figure is anticipated to increase to $3.5 trillion in 2018.