Manufacturing at the Nanoscale, Report of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Workshops, 2002-2004

Subject Area:
NNI Workshop Reports
Author: National Nanotechnology Initiative
Publication Date: Jan. 1 2007

Description:

Intended to provide direction to researchers and program managers involved in nanomanufacturing R&D regarding long-term goals and research opportunities.  This NNI workshop report identifies then-current scientific and technological advances, the research needs and goals for four generations of nanomanufactured products, the required scientific and technological infrastructure, the investment and implementation strategies for future nanomanufacturing R&D, and the relevant challenge areas and priorities for the following decade.


Nanotechnology Fact

Nanoscale materials have been used for over a thousand years. For example, nanoscale gold was used in stained glass in Medieval Europe and nanotubes were found in blades of swords made in Damascus. However, ten centuries passed before high-powered microscopes were invented, allowing us to see things at the nanoscale and begin working with these materials.

Nanotechnology as we now know it began more than 30 years ago, when tools to image and measure at the nanoscale became available. Around the turn of the century, government research managers in the United States and other countries observed that physicists, biologists, chemists, electrical engineers, optical engineers, and materials scientists were working on interconnected, multidisciplinary issues emerging at the nanoscale. In 2000, the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was created to help these researchers benefit from each other’s insights, accelerate technology development, and foster commercialization across disciplines.

To learn more, see What is Nanotechnology?

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