NSI: Nanotechnology Knowledge Infrastructure (NKI) Data Readiness Levels discussion draft

Subject Area:
NNI Publications and Reports
Author: NSI NKI
Publication Date: May. 9 2013

Description:

A critical aspect of sharing data is an understanding of the maturity or quality of the data. Representatives from the collaborating agencies of the NKI Signature Initiative have developed a nomenclature for communicating the maturity of data. Analogous to Technology Readiness Levels, the Data Readiness Levels provide a shorthand method for conveying coarse assessments of data from experiments or model predictions for use in improving analytical methods and validating or calibrating models, and for comparisons with legacy datasets. Data Readiness Levels (DRLs) are seven graded definitions (0-6) of data quality and data maturity. DRLs provide common, simple descriptors of data quality and maturity. Unlike Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs), DRLs are augmented with metadata qualifiers that enable further assessment, reproduction, or use of the data by others. Metadata vary by discipline, as well measurement or computational considerations. The use of both DRL levels and metadata qualifiers provide a common basis for a peer-reviewed “literature” to support informed data sharing, to augment data citation in print publications, and to accelerate the translation of research to design and manufacture. 


Nanotechnology Fact

The United States is not the only country to recognize the tremendous economic potential of nanotechnology. The U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative's member agencies have cumulatively spent more than $23 billion since the inception of the NNI in 2001. According to a Lux Research estimate released in December 2015, “The U.S. leads in government (state and Federal) nanotechnology funding with $1.72 billion spent in 2013 and $1.67 billion spent in 2014. Europe’s collective spending (European Commission and individual country programs) was $2.45 billion in 2014, an increase of 9.8% from 2012. While some countries, such as the U.S., continue to have centralized government programs to coordinate nanotechnology activities, most countries no longer do. In fact, many countries no longer explicitly fund nanotechnology, although it may be a part of initiatives that are funded under different technology support programs. Because of this change, it is difficult to determine with certainty the level of nanotechnology funding by country or region.”

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